The Hague: Importance of Integration

Travels in the Hague and why integration matters

The day began with a recap of the past week in The Hague to solidify the concepts we had encountered throughout the week. Our first day in The Hague was centered around a tour of Parliament; this sparked a conversation on the differences between the United States and Netherlands government and which government is a better democracy. The Netherlands has a multiparty system which encourages coalitions, compromise, and diversity with a “marketplace of ideas”, a king born into power who serves as a figure head, and greater voter power as citizens vote for parties and ideas, not people. The United States has a dual-party system that promotes polarization, a president elected by the people, and a system that forces voters to elect one candidate to represent their views. A government is meant to be for the people, so the opinions of the people should be valued. In the Netherlands, citizen opinion is not filed away as it is in America, but is instead the driver of policy. A system that values my opinion in this way definitely has my attention and respect.

On our second day, we visited Quartier Laak, a company founded to improve the social-economic strength of Laak, a neighborhood of The Hague, through bottom-up initiatives. These initiatives include Werk Fabrique, a startup incubator, a school converted to an urban garden, a local park planned with ideas from locals, and Middin, a community center for the mentally disabled. A theme throughout this day was integration and connection between people; by providing activities and spaces such as urban gardens, parks, and community centers, people interact more and communities become more diverse and cohesive. In the United States, President Trump’s racist rhetoric ostracizes immigrants and rejects diversity creating an atmosphere that requires immigrants to assimilate to American culture rather than appreciate their own. Quartier Laak and other social entrepreneurship initiatives are the future for creating social wealth and well-being in the United States.

Our third day, we visited the Urban Farmers company and Ampyx Power, a wind energy company who harvests energy using a plane. At Ampyx Power, we saw the backbone of a startup and heard their struggles and successes with developing their planes throughout the past ten years. Our visit showed us how important it is to be passionate about your product, and that if you have an idea you should pursue it! I have never felt so encouraged to pursue my passions than here; this might be because I am on this specialized trip, the numerous incubators throughout the city make it easy for startups to thrive, or maybe people just want to inspire us. The Urban Farmers site is a renovated building with a massive green roof garden and hydroponic system. Green house urban farming reduces transportation costs, grows food right where it is needed, and uses empty spaces such as rooftops efficiently. On the other hand, to maximize efficiency and space, vertical farming might be the solution. Both forms of farming can be profitable, but rooftop gardening provides many social attributes while vertical farming maximizes efficiency and space.

On the fourth day, we visited The Hague University and NEN, a standardization company. At the University, we saw the energy and money saving renovations such as solar panels, a new heating and cooling system, and passive lighting that had been implemented during the buildings construction. NEN is a company that makes standards, or an agreement made between parties. Standards can be made for anything from emissions to bolt sizes to transportation cards such as the ones in The Hague. These transport cards, OV Cards, can be used on all transportation and all throughout the Netherlands which makes public transportation that much more accessible and user friendly. Unlike the Netherlands, the United States has numerous transportation companies all competing against each other, attempting to sell their system as the best. Instead of selling a system for a particular company, one master system should be standardized across all public transportation so companies can focus their efforts in other areas such as hospitality and service. This would eliminate the initial barrier/annoyance of figuring out how to purchase the appropriate ticket in the first place. Then, there would be no need for all these extraneous companies and they could pursue a new business similar to the ideas of the German Mittelstand.

For the following three days, we biked all over the Netherlands. Our biking tour showed us that proper bike infrastructure allows for safe and easy travel from village to village, making a car obsolete for short rides. In the Netherlands, there are dedicated bike lanes on all roads, bike paths that connect the inner city and peripheral suburbs, biking highways separated from cars, and even narrow car lanes to make more space for bikes and mopeds. This infrastructure was only possible due to the idea of a virtuous cycle; as more infrastructure is put into place, more people will bike on it, and then the cycle continues.

In the coming days, we visited the United States Embassy, Amsterdam, the HTM-public transport in Haag Centraal, and Priva, a company specializing in green house technology. The United States Embassy was under construction and we learned of the efficient technologies being installed; while the embassy has a few cool features like reflective white tiles on the roof to keep heat out, the majority of their technologies were pretty standard throughout Europe. This goes to show that American architects and designers are still behind on integrating new and efficient technologies into all their work. In Amsterdam, we visited Smart City Amsterdam, an incubator connecting people to resources and bigger businesses. This visit reinforced the importance of using communal spaces to make connections with others; without these spaces, many citizen projects and ideas would go unnoticed. HTM-Public Transport of The Hague showed us the importance of using a single integrated and robust system for transportation to make public transport easier to use and navigate. In terms of urban development, HTM is also looking into ways to reduce the number of cars in the city, expand the public transportation and cycling infrastructures, and find solutions such as car sharing, park and ride, and first and last mile to ensure people have efficient transportation to their final destination. Priva is a company specializing in the technology and software used to run a greenhouse farm. With their software, a farmer can create optimal conditions for their produce, increasing efficiency, quality, and yield. Priva does not currently offer specialized settings for each farmer’s produce, but leaves those decisions to the farmer; in the future, there could be a collusion between the precision in vertical farming and the greenhouse style to create optimal produce.

After our recap meeting, we visited the Mauritshuis Museum where we saw famous paintings such as Girl with a Pearl Earring by Johannes Vermeer and The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp by Rembrandt. I particularly enjoyed watching the progression of Rembrandt’s paintings throughout the museum with works ranging from those with large, bold brush strokes to the intricate detail found in The Anatomy Lesson. After visiting the Mauritshuis, we explored the Grand Thailand Festival right across the street from the museum. Thailand’s embassy organized a two-day celebration of Thai culture with tons of food vendors, craft stalls, massage parlors, and live Thai music and dancing. My friend, Charlie, and I began our food adventure with Som Tum (green papaya salad) and Thai beef skewers to be followed by Thai beef noodle soup. The salad was crunchy with a spicy-sweet dressing, the beef skewers were caramelized and unctuous, and the fragrant noodle soup coated each noodle in flavorful broth. We then ventured to another part of the city where we stumbled upon a Latin/Caribbean craft and dance festival with a Bob Marley cover band. These cultural festivals are common in the Netherlands, especially in the summer when a different festival is hosted each weekend. The Hague prioritizes culture, visibility, inclusivity, and diversity amongst its people. Through these events, the people of The Hague have greater interaction and connection with those around them and more events within their community to take part in. From a diversity perspective, these cultural festivals demystify unfamiliar cultures, provide the opportunity to witness and experiences new ones, and provide an area for minority populations to be included with the rest of the community. Creating spaces and events like those from The Hague in the United States would bring populations together to create a more productive and cohesive community.

Two bowls of fresh Thai Beef Noodle soup topped with dried chillies, fresh lime, and chopped cilantro.
Noodles are dunked in a vat of Beef Noodle broth that has been simmering for 24 hours.
Som tam, or green papaya salad, is a staple amongst the Thai. Pounded in a traditional wooden mortar and pestle, unripe green papaya, carrots, palm sugar, chilies, and fish sauce come together to make this sweet and spicy salad.
Girl with a Pearl Earring by Johannes Vermeer uses the style ‘tronie’- a painting of an imaginary figure – to depict a woman in exotic dress with a large pearl earring.
A vendor at the Grand Thai Festival makes Pad Thai, a classic Thai street food.
The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp by Rembrandt is one of his most famous works painted for the Amsterdam Guild of Surgeons depicting a practical anatomy lesson in the surgical theater.
Apelles schildert Campaspe by Willem van Haecht is a technical masterpiece with Italian, Flemish, and German works of art.

Our time in The Hague has shown us the importance of integration between people, cities, infrastructures, and government. All of these cogs must mesh together to form a productive, efficient, and overall smart city. I am excited to bring the lessons we have learned in Europe back to the United States, and to put these changes into action.

-Natalie Schuster